The District of Angul situated at the heart of Odisha was a part of Undivided Dhenkanal District till early March 1993, but for the administrative convenience, Dhenkanal District was divided into two parts i.e. Dhenkanal and Angul vide State Government Notification No. DRC-44/93/14218/R. dated 27 March 1993. Angul District came into existence as a separate District on April 1, 1993. The District is surrounded by Cuttack & Dhenkanal on the east, Sambalpur & Deogarh on the west, Sundargarh & Keonjhar on the north and Phulbani on the south. Covering an area of 6232 sq.km, Angul District is located at Latitude 20.50 North to 85.00 East Longitude.The altitude of this place is 564 to 1187 mts.
Angul District is densely populated as per the 2011 census.The District has 1930 villages having 1273821 population. Total population comprises of 655718 male population and 618103 female population. District‘s rural population is more compared to its urban population, as is the case in almost all other Districts of the state. Total rural population of the District is 1067275 while total urban population is 206546. as per 2011 census. The District has 239552 SC and 179603 ST population.
The Administrative headquarters of the Angul District is located at Angul city. In the present scenario of the administrative set up, there are 4 sub division, 8 tahsils and 8 blocks in the District. There are total number of 225 Gram Panchayats, 2 Municipalities, 1 Notified Area Council (NAC), and 23 Police stations functioning in the District of Angul.
The climatic condition of Angul District is much varied.The average annual rainfall of the District is 1421 mm. However there is a great variation of rainfall from year to year. The rainfall in the District during the last 10 years varied between 896 mm & 1744 mm. The best time to visit this District is during winter.
Agriculture occupies a vital place in the economy of Angul District, as it provides direct and indirect employment to around 70 % of its total work force, as per the 2001 census. The total cultivable area of this District is 2, 16,403 hectares, covering 32.7 % of its total geographical area. The major crops of the Kharif season are paddy, maize, ragi, oilseeds, pulses, small millets and vegetables etc. Paddy, wheat, maize, field pea, sunflower, garlic, ginger, potato, onion, tobacco, sugarcane and coriander etc are the major Rabi crops.
The last decade has witnessed a tremendous improvement in the industrial scenario of Angul District.Many public sector undertakings have setup up plants and offices here, like National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO), Mahanadi Coal Fields Limited (MCL), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) and Talcher Thermal Power Station (TTPS). One of the major coalfields is the Talcher coalfield, which contains huge reserves of power grade non-coking coal. Engineering Units, Rice Mills, Hotels, Fly Ash Brick units, Stone Crushers, Service Units, Bleaching units, Bread and Bakery units, Tyre Retreading units, Flour Mills and Spices Grinding units etc. are some of the small scale industries functioning here.
Dhokra casting works, Terracotta works, Wood carvings, Art textiles and Soft toys etc are some examples of the crafts that have been generating revenues for this District. The District Industries Center functioning in the District promotes its various industrial activities.
The Angul District is having 4,09.260 male literates and 2,62,173 female literates. As per educational institutes are concerned Angul District has many Government and Private Institutes. Government College (Angul), Angul Women‘s College (Angul) and Talcher College (Talcher) are the important educational institutions of the District. There are other training institutes of the District, like Police Training College (PTC) Angul, Forest Rangers College Angul and a number of industrial training institutes providing quality technical education to a vast number of students of the District. Different educational programmes like Sarva Sikhya Aviyan, Total Literacy Campaign, Post Literacy Campaign, Continuing Education Programme and National Child Labour Project have been initiated by the Government with an objective of reaching education to all, including those unprivileged ones for whom education is still out of bounds and reach.
Angul District is very much rich in its fairs and festivals. Laxmi Puja is celebrated in the city of Angul. The celebration starts from Kumar Purnima and continues for long 11 days. Ganesh Puja of Talcher is one of the most famous festivals celebrated in the District. Amb Nua (fresh mango eating), Raja, Gammha Purnima, and Push Punei are functions celebrated by the people with much enthusiasm. The number of fairs and festivals observed in the District showcase its varied culture vividly.
Angul is like a bridge between western and coastal halves of Odisha where the prehistoric and protohistoric relics are found in village Bhimakand, Kankili, Kulei, Samal, Sanakerjang, Kaliakata, Paranga, Kerjang, Tikarapara and Pallahara.The geographical location of Angul made the Bhanjas of Angulaka’pattana, the Sulkis of Kodalaka Mandala, the Nandodbhavas of Airavatta Mandala, the Tungas of Yamagartta Mandala rule over it. But all through the rules of different dynasties, Angul has retained her cultural identity which is much more prominent than its political establishments.
After independence Angul became one of the important district in the State of Odisha. Rich cultural heritage, cosmopolitan approach, different temples, natural beauty, dense forest, availability of raw materials in its abode make Angul a major district in 21st century.